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Mapping To Ke3chang

Ke3chang is a threat group attributed to actors operating out of China. Ke3chang has targeted several industries, including oil, government, military, and more. Disclaimer: We present this mapping to stimulate thinking about engagement activities to take advantage of the historically observed behavior of adversary, not to present all possibilities. We invite you to use this as a guide, understanding that adversary behavior is constantly changing and evolving.

Note: All ATT&CK Group sub-activity mappings have been remapped to their parent activity and were derived from Group Technique mappings in ATT&CK v8.

Details
ATT&CK ID: G0004
Associated Groups:  Ke3chang, APT15, Mirage, Vixen Panda, GREF, Playful Dragon, RoyalAPT
Note:  This page uses Adversary Group data from MITRE ATT&CK.

ATT&CK® Technique Adversary Vulnerability Engagement Activity Engagement Activity Description
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to revealing their presence when using or moving the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Local System When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data from Local System When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Data from Local System When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Service Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Service Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Network Diversity Use a diverse set of devices on the network to help establish the legitimacy of a decoy network.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Remote Services When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Remote Services When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote Services When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote Services When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Remote Services When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Masquerading When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques, or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic, they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries discover inaccessible but valuable data, they are vulnerable to wasting resources or revealing additional capabilities in an effort to access the content. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to revealing their presence when using or moving the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to wasting resources to accomplish the task. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Input Capture When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Input Capture When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Input Capture When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Input Capture When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Process Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Process Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Process Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques, or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic, they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Information Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Information Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Account Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Account Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Account Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Account Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Account Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Account Discovery When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Account Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Email Collection When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Email Collection When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Email Collection When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Email Collection When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Email Collection When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Email Collection When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Email Collection When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
External Remote Services When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
External Remote Services When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
External Remote Services When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
External Remote Services When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
External Remote Services When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
External Remote Services When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
External Remote Services When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
External Remote Services When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Network Diversity Use a diverse set of devices on the network to help establish the legitimacy of a decoy network.
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Boot or Logon Autostart Execution When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Steal or Forge Kerberos Tickets When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to wasting resources to accomplish the task. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Services When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Services When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Services When adversaries’ malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis, which can reveal how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.