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Mapping To Turla

Turla is a Russian-based threat group that has infected victims in over 45 countries, spanning a range of industries including government, embassies, military, education, research and pharmaceutical companies since 2004. Heightened activity was seen in mid-2015. Turla is known for conducting watering hole and spearphishing campaigns and leveraging in-house tools and malware. Turla’s espionage platform is mainly used against Windows machines, but has also been seen used against macOS and Linux machines.Disclaimer: We present this mapping to stimulate thinking about engagement activities to take advantage of the historically observed behavior of adversary, not to present all possibilities. We invite you to use this as a guide, understanding that adversary behavior is constantly changing and evolving.

Note: All ATT&CK Group sub-activity mappings have been remapped to their parent activity and were derived from Group Technique mappings in ATT&CK v8.

Details
ATT&CK ID: G0010
Associated Groups:  Turla, Group 88, Belugasturgeon, Waterbug, WhiteBear, VENOMOUS BEAR, Snake, Krypton
Note:  This page uses Adversary Group data from MITRE ATT&CK.

ATT&CK® Technique Adversary Vulnerability Engagement Activity Engagement Activity Description
Access Token Manipulation When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Access Token Manipulation When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Access Token Manipulation When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Account Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Account Discovery When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Account Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Account Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Account Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Account Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Account Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Boot or Logon Autostart Execution When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Brute Force When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Brute Force When adversaries use brute force techniques to access accounts or encrypted data, they are vulnerable to wasting resources if the artifact has no valid credentials or is locked in some other way. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Brute Force When adversaries use brute force techniques to access accounts or encrypted data, they are vulnerable to wasting resources if the artifact has no valid credentials or is locked in some other way. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Brute Force When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Brute Force When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to reveal their presence when they use or move the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to reveal their presence when they use or move the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Data from Information Repositories When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Local System When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Local System When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Data from Local System When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data from Removable Media When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Removable Media When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Removable Media When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Data from Removable Media When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Removable Media When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource peripheral Management Manage peripheral devices used on systems within the network for engagement purposes.
Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Impair Defenses When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites, they provide a pathway for beginning engagements. They may be unable to differentiate real from deceptive victims. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites, they may reveal information about their targetting capabilities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites and collect information about potential victims, they may reveal information about their targetting preferences by selecting or rejecting an arbitrary victim. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Event Triggered Execution When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Event Triggered Execution When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to reveal their presence when they use or move the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries discover inaccessible, but valuable, data they are vulnerable to waste resources or reveal additional capabilities in an effort to access the content. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over Web Service When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Impair Defenses When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Impair Defenses When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Impair Defenses When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Isolation Configure devices, systems, networks, etc. to contain activity and data, thus preventing the expansion an engagement beyond desired limits.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Phishing When adversaries use phishing emails to gain access to victim systems, they have no control over where a malicious attachment is detonated or from where a link is clicked. Migrate Attack Vector Move a malicious link, file, or device from its intended location to a decoy system or network for execution/use.
Phishing When adversaries use phishing emails to gain access to victim systems, they have no control over where a malicious attachment is detonated or from where a link is clicked. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Phishing When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Phishing When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Lateral Tool Transfer When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Lateral Tool Transfer When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Modify Registry When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Modify Registry When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Modify Registry When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Native API When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Native API When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Obfuscated Files or Information When the adversary's malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis including revealing how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Password Policy Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Password Policy Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Password Policy Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Peripheral Device Discovery When adversaries use hardware peripherals, they must rely on physical access or have limited control over when and where hardware additions are connected in the target network. Peripheral Management Manage peripheral devices used on systems within the network for engagement purposes.
Peripheral Device Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Peripheral Device Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Peripheral Device Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Peripheral Management Manage peripheral devices used on systems within the network for engagement purposes.
Peripheral Device Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Peripheral Device Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Peripheral Management Manage peripheral devices used on systems within the network for engagement purposes.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Permission Groups Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Process Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Process Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Process Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Process Injection When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Proxy When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Proxy When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Remote Services When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Remote Services When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote Services When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote Services When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Remote Services When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Network Diversity Use a diverse set of devices on the network to help establish the legitimacy of a decoy network.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote System Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Software Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Software Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Software Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Software Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Information Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Information Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Connections Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Service Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Service Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Service Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Time Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Time Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Time Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Time Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
User Execution When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
User Execution When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Migrate Attack Vector Move a malicious link, file, or device from its intended location to a decoy system or network for execution/use.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Isolation Configure devices, systems, networks, etc. to contain activity and data, thus preventing the expansion an engagement beyond desired limits.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis including revealing how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Web Service When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Web Service When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to reveal their presence when they use or move the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Web Service When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Web Service When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Web Service When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Web Service When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.