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Mapping To Lazarus Group

Lazarus Group is a threat group that has been attributed to the North Korean government. The group has been active since at least 2009 and was reportedly responsible for the November 2014 destructive wiper attack against Sony Pictures Entertainment as part of a campaign named Operation Blockbuster by Novetta. Malware used by Lazarus Group correlates to other reported campaigns, including Operation Flame, Operation 1Mission, Operation Troy, DarkSeoul, and Ten Days of Rain. In late 2017, Lazarus Group used KillDisk, a disk-wiping tool, in an attack against an online casino based in Central America. North Korean group definitions are known to have significant overlap, and the name Lazarus Group is known to encompass a broad range of activity. Some organizations use the name Lazarus Group to refer to any activity attributed to North Korea. Some organizations track North Korean clusters or groups such as Bluenoroff, APT37, and APT38 separately, while other organizations may track some activity associated with those group names by the name Lazarus Group.Disclaimer: We present this mapping to stimulate thinking about engagement activities to take advantage of the historically observed behavior of adversary, not to present all possibilities. We invite you to use this as a guide, understanding that adversary behavior is constantly changing and evolving.

Note: All ATT&CK Group sub-activity mappings have been remapped to their parent activity and were derived from Group Technique mappings in ATT&CK v8.

Details
ATT&CK ID: G0032
Associated Groups:  Lazarus Group, HIDDEN COBRA, Guardians of Peace, ZINC, NICKEL ACADEMY
Note:  This page uses Adversary Group data from MITRE ATT&CK.

ATT&CK® Technique Adversary Vulnerability Engagement Activity Engagement Activity Description
Access Token Manipulation When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Access Token Manipulation When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Access Token Manipulation When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Account Manipulation When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Account Manipulation When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Account Manipulation When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to reveal their presence when they use or move the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Account Manipulation When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Account Manipulation When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Application Window Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Application Window Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Application Window Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Boot or Logon Autostart Execution When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Brute Force When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Brute Force When adversaries use brute force techniques to access accounts or encrypted data, they are vulnerable to wasting resources if the artifact has no valid credentials or is locked in some other way. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Brute Force When adversaries use brute force techniques to access accounts or encrypted data, they are vulnerable to wasting resources if the artifact has no valid credentials or is locked in some other way. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Brute Force When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Brute Force When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Data Destruction When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data Destruction When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data Destruction When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Data Destruction When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data Destruction When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Data Destruction When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data Encoding When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Data Encoding When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data Encoding When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Data Encoding When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Data Encoding When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data Encoding When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Data from Local System When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Local System When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data from Local System When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Data from Local System When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data Obfuscation When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data Obfuscation When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Data Obfuscation When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data Staged When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Data Staged When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Defacement When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Defacement When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Disk Wipe When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Disk Wipe When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Disk Wipe When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Impair Defenses When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites, they provide a pathway for beginning engagements. They may be unable to differentiate real from deceptive victims. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites, they may reveal information about their targetting capabilities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites and collect information about potential victims, they may reveal information about their targetting preferences by selecting or rejecting an arbitrary victim. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Encrypted Channel When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Encrypted Channel When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Encrypted Channel When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to reveal their presence when they use or move the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries discover inaccessible, but valuable, data they are vulnerable to waste resources or reveal additional capabilities in an effort to access the content. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to reveal their presence when they use or move the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries discover inaccessible, but valuable, data they are vulnerable to waste resources or reveal additional capabilities in an effort to access the content. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over C2 Channel When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exploitation for Client Execution When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exploitation for Client Execution When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Exploitation for Client Execution When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exploitation for Client Execution When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Fallback Channels When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Fallback Channels When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Fallback Channels When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Fallback Channels When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Fallback Channels When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
File and Directory Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Hide Artifacts When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Hide Artifacts When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Hide Artifacts When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Impair Defenses When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Impair Defenses When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Impair Defenses When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Indicator Removal on Host When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Indicator Removal on Host When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Indicator Removal on Host When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Indicator Removal on Host When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Isolation Configure devices, systems, networks, etc. to contain activity and data, thus preventing the expansion an engagement beyond desired limits.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Input Capture When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Input Capture When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Input Capture When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Input Capture When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Phishing When adversaries use phishing emails to gain access to victim systems, they have no control over where a malicious attachment is detonated or from where a link is clicked. Migrate Attack Vector Move a malicious link, file, or device from its intended location to a decoy system or network for execution/use.
Phishing When adversaries use phishing emails to gain access to victim systems, they have no control over where a malicious attachment is detonated or from where a link is clicked. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Phishing When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Phishing When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Masquerading When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Modify Registry When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Modify Registry When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Modify Registry When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Non-Standard Port When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Non-Standard Port When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Obfuscated Files or Information When the adversary's malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis including revealing how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to reveal their presence when they use or move the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Pre-OS Boot When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Process Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Process Discovery When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Process Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Process Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Process Injection When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Proxy When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Proxy When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Query Registry When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Remote Services When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Remote Services When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote Services When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Remote Services When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Remote Services When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Resource Hijacking When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Resource Hijacking When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Resource Hijacking When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Service Stop When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Service Stop When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Signed Binary Proxy Execution When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Signed Binary Proxy Execution When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Signed Binary Proxy Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis including revealing how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Information Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Information Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Shutdown/Reboot When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Shutdown/Reboot When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Shutdown/Reboot When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
System Time Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Time Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Time Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Time Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
User Execution When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
User Execution When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Migrate Attack Vector Move a malicious link, file, or device from its intended location to a decoy system or network for execution/use.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Isolation Configure devices, systems, networks, etc. to contain activity and data, thus preventing the expansion an engagement beyond desired limits.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis including revealing how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Windows Management Instrumentation When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Windows Management Instrumentation When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Windows Management Instrumentation When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Windows Management Instrumentation When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Windows Management Instrumentation When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Windows Management Instrumentation When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Windows Management Instrumentation When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Windows Management Instrumentation When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Disk Wipe When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Disk Wipe When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.