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Mapping To APT33

APT33 is a suspected Iranian threat group that has carried out operations since at least 2013. The group has targeted organizations across multiple industries in the United States, Saudi Arabia, and South Korea, with a particular interest in the aviation and energy sectors. Disclaimer: We present this mapping to stimulate thinking about engagement activities to take advantage of the historically observed behavior of adversary, not to present all possibilities. We invite you to use this as a guide, understanding that adversary behavior is constantly changing and evolving.

Note: All ATT&CK Group sub-activity mappings have been remapped to their parent activity and were derived from Group Technique mappings in ATT&CK v8.

Details
ATT&CK ID: G0064
Associated Groups:  APT33, HOLMIUM, Elfin
Note:  This page uses Adversary Group data from MITRE ATT&CK.

ATT&CK® Technique Adversary Vulnerability Engagement Activity Engagement Activity Description
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
OS Credential Dumping When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to revealing their presence when using or moving the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries’ malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis, which can reveal how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Network Sniffing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Network Sniffing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Network Sniffing When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Network Sniffing When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Network Sniffing When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Network Sniffing When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Network Diversity Use a diverse set of devices on the network to help establish the legitimacy of a decoy network.
Network Sniffing When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques, or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic, they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries discover inaccessible but valuable data, they are vulnerable to wasting resources or revealing additional capabilities in an effort to access the content. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to revealing their presence when using or moving the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exfiltration Over Alternative Protocol When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to wasting resources to accomplish the task. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Scheduled Task/Job When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Scheduled Task/Job When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Scheduled Task/Job When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Exploitation for Privilege Escalation When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exploitation for Privilege Escalation When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exploitation for Privilege Escalation When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exploitation for Privilege Escalation When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques, or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic, they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Valid Accounts When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Valid Accounts When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Valid Accounts When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Valid Accounts When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
Valid Accounts When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Valid Accounts When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Valid Accounts When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Valid Accounts When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Valid Accounts When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Valid Accounts When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Valid Accounts When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Isolation Configure devices, systems, networks, etc. to contain activity and data, thus preventing the expansion an engagement beyond desired limits.
Ingress Tool Transfer When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Brute Force When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Brute Force When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Brute Force When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Brute Force When adversaries use brute-force techniques to access accounts or encrypted data, they are vulnerable to wasting resources if the artifact has no valid credentials or is locked in some other way. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Brute Force When adversaries use brute-force techniques to access accounts or encrypted data, they are vulnerable to wasting resources if the artifact has no valid credentials or is locked in some other way. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data Encoding When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Data Encoding When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data Encoding When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Data Encoding When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data Encoding When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques, or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic, they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Data Encoding When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to wasting resources to accomplish the task. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exploitation for Client Execution When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Exploitation for Client Execution When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exploitation for Client Execution When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Exploitation for Client Execution When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
User Execution When adversaries’ malware is detonated, they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
User Execution When adversaries’ malware is detonated, they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Migrate Attack Vector Move a malicious link, file, or device from its intended location to a decoy system or network for execution/use.
User Execution When adversaries’ malware is detonated, they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Isolation Configure devices, systems, networks, etc. to contain activity and data, thus preventing the expansion an engagement beyond desired limits.
User Execution When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
User Execution When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
User Execution When adversaries’ malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis, which can reveal how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Event Triggered Execution When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Event Triggered Execution When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Boot or Logon Autostart Execution When adversaries rely on specific resources to be enabled, accessible, and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources are disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Unsecured Credentials When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Unsecured Credentials When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Unsecured Credentials When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Unsecured Credentials When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Unsecured Credentials When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Unsecured Credentials When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Unsecured Credentials When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to revealing their presence when using or moving the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment, they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to revealing additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to revealing their presence when using or moving the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Credentials from Password Stores When adversaries collect manipulated artifacts, they are vulnerable to revealing their presence when using or moving the artifacts elsewhere in the engagement environment. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to revealing their targeting preferences and capabilities. Application Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of installed applications and services.
Archive Collected Data When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to wasting resources to accomplish the task. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Phishing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe, or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in some way interacting with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Phishing When adversaries use phishing emails to gain access to victim systems, they have no control over where a malicious attachment is detonated from, or where a link is clicked. Migrate Attack Vector Move a malicious link, file, or device from its intended location to a decoy system or network for execution/use.
Phishing When adversaries use phishing emails to gain access to victim systems, they have no control over where a malicious attachment is detonated from, or where a link is clicked. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targeting, and/or infrastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with network or system resources, they are vulnerable to triggering tripwires or engaging in easily detectable, anomalous behavior. System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Phishing When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Non-Standard Port When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Non-Standard Port When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques, or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic, they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Encrypted Channel When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation. Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Encrypted Channel When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availability, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Encrypted Channel When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities. Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.