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Mapping To APT19

APT19 is a Chinese-based threat group that has targeted a variety of industries, including defense, finance, energy, pharmaceutical, telecommunications, high tech, education, manufacturing, and legal services. In 2017, a phishing campaign was used to target seven law and investment firms. Some analysts track APT19 and Deep Panda as the same group, but it is unclear from open source information if the groups are the same. Disclaimer: We present this mapping to stimulate thinking about engagement activities to take advantage of the historically observed behavior of adversary, not to present all possibilities. We invite you to use this as a guide, understanding that adversary behavior is constantly changing and evolving.

Note: All ATT&CK Group sub-activity mappings have been remapped to their parent activity and were derived from Group Technique mappings in ATT&CK v8.

Details
ATT&CK ID: G0073
Associated Groups:  APT19, Codoso, C0d0so0, Codoso Team, Sunshop Group
Note:  This page uses Adversary Group data from MITRE ATT&CK.

ATT&CK® Technique Adversary Vulnerability Engagement Activity Engagement Activity Description
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries move data across the network or interact with remote resources, they are vulnerable to network manipulations such as impacts to network availibilty, traffic filtering, degraded speeds, etc. Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Application Layer Protocol When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Boot or Logon Autostart Execution When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Command and Scripting Interpreter When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Create or Modify System Process When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Data Encoding When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Data Encoding When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Data Encoding When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Monitoring Monitor network traffic in order to detect adversary activity.
Data Encoding When adversaries use easily identifiable techniques or generate signaturable patterns in data or traffic they are vulnerable to detection of their activity. Network Analysis Analyze network traffic to gain intelligence on communications between systems.
Data Encoding When adversaries exfiltrate data, their data are vulnerable to observation or manipulation via Man-in-the-Middle activities Network Manipulation Make changes to network properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Data Encoding When adversaries attempt to exfiltrate, manipulate, or move massive data objects, they are vulnerable to waste resources to accomplish the task Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Deobfuscate/Decode Files or Information When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites, they provide a pathway for beginning engagements. They may be unable to differentiate real from deceptive victims. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites, they may reveal information about their targetting capabilities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Drive-by Compromise When the adversaries maintain drive-by sites and collect information about potential victims, they may reveal information about their targetting preferences by selecting or rejecting an arbitrary victim. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Hide Artifacts When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Hide Artifacts When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Hide Artifacts When adversaries discover a diverse set of accessible resources and decoy artifacts on the target, they are vulnerable to reveal their targetting preferences and capabilities Artifact Diversity Present the adversary with a variety of network and system artifacts.
Hijack Execution Flow When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Hijack Execution Flow When adversaries discover enabled, accessible, or intentionally weakened/overly permissive resources in the environment, they are vulnerable to reveal additional or more advanced capabilities when exploiting or using said resource Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Phishing When adversaries use phishing emails to gain access to victim systems, they have no control over where a malicious attachment is detonated or from where a link is clicked. Migrate Attack Vector Move a malicious link, file, or device from its intended location to a decoy system or network for execution/use.
Phishing When adversaries use phishing emails to gain access to victim systems, they have no control over where a malicious attachment is detonated or from where a link is clicked. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
Phishing When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Email Manipulation Modify the flow of email in the environment.
Phishing When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Phishing When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
Modify Registry When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior System Activity Monitoring Collect system activity logs that can reveal adversary activity.
Modify Registry When adversaries interact with network or system resources they are vulnerable to trigger tripwires or engage in easily detectable, anomalous behavior Baseline Identify key system elements to establish a baseline and be prepared to reset a system to that baseline when necessary.
Modify Registry When adversaries rely on particular resources to be enabled, accessible and/or vulnerable, they are vulnerable to their operations being disrupted if the resources is disabled, removed, or otherwise made invulnerable. Security Controls Alter security controls to make the system more or less vulnerable to attack.
Obfuscated Files or Information When the adversary's malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis including revealing how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
Obfuscated Files or Information When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Signed Binary Proxy Execution When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
Signed Binary Proxy Execution When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
Signed Binary Proxy Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis including revealing how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Information Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Information Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Information Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Burn-In Exercise a target system in a manner where it will generate desirable system artifacts.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
System Network Configuration Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable when they collect, observe or manipulate system artifacts or information. Manipulated data may cause them to reveal behaviors, use additional or more advanced capabilities against the target, and/or impact their dwell time. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Pocket Litter Place data on a system to reinforce the legitimacy of the system or user.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries interact with the environment or personas, they are vulnerable to collecting, or in someway interact with, manipulated or decoy data. In those cases the data may increase their tolerance for imperfections in the environment and improve the overall believability of the ruse. Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries interact with engagement environments and personas, their future capability, targetting, and/or infastructure requirements are vulnerable to influence Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries use previously stolen information to access or move laterally within an environment they may reveal previous collection activities. Decoy Artifacts and Systems Introduce impersonations to expand the scope of a deceptive story.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation Software Manipulation Make changes to a system's software properties and functions to achieve a desired effect.
System Owner/User Discovery When adversaries utilize or abuse system features, software, or other resources, they may be vulnerable to monitoring or Man-in-the-Middle manipulation API Monitoring Monitor local APIs that might be used by adversary tools and activity.
User Execution When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Personas Create fictitious human user(s) through a combination of planted data and revealed behavior patterns.
User Execution When adversaries interact directly with victims, they are vulnerable to being socially engineered or otherwise manipulated by an aware user Information Manipulation Conceal and reveal both facts and fictions to support a deception story
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Migrate Attack Vector Move a malicious link, file, or device from its intended location to a decoy system or network for execution/use.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated they may be encouraged to operate in an unintended environment. Isolation Configure devices, systems, networks, etc. to contain activity and data, thus preventing the expansion an engagement beyond desired limits.
User Execution When the adversary's malware is detonated, they are vulnerable to dynamic analysis including revealing how the malware interacts with system resources. Detonate Malware Execute malware under controlled conditions to analyze its functionality.